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Appendix:Christian theology

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Christian theology
This appendix is about Christian theology.
All appendices about Christianity are listed at one of the following: Theology, Interdenominational movements, Practices and Denominations
Term Supports Opposes
Absolute inability People possess a state of sin that originates from the fall of Adam and Eve '
Adoptionism Jesus of Nazareth was born an ordinary human and was eventally adopted by God the Father '
Alexandrian theology Theoria is a process of intellectual contemplation that leads to communion with the Christian God '
Amillennialism The length of the thousand year-long reign of Jesus predicted in the Book of Revelation is symbolic
The thousand year-long reign of Jesus predicted in the Book of Revelation has already begun
'
Amyraldianism Though all people are eligible for salvation, God must choose those to whom he will bring faith because no one would accept salvation otherwise '
Amyraldism Though all people are eligible for salvation, God must choose those to whom he will bring faith because no one would accept salvation otherwise '
Anomoeanism Jesus the Son and God the Father are completely dissimilar in substance '
Antelapsarianism God planned the fall of Adam and Eve '
Antinomianism The sufficiency of faith alone in achieving salvation means that Christians are not bound by any rules of morality '
Apollinarism Jesus had a human body and lower soul but a divine mind '
Apostolic succession Apostolic succession is a valid source of spiritual authority '
Arianism God consists of the Father, who existed before the Son, and with him, created the Holy Spirit
Jesus the Son and God the Father are alike but inequal in substance
The Son and the Holy Spirit are subordinate to the Father
'
Augustinianism People are enslaved to sin and cannot be saved from it by their own will '
Binitarianism God consists of the Father and the Son, separate beings, and the Holy Spirit is God's power
Jesus of Nazareth had a solely human nature prior to his resurrection
'
Bullingerism The early Christian church lost four truths near the end of Paul's ministry Christians should practice water baptism
Cappadocian theology Theoria is an experience of truth and oneness with the Christian God; it is beyond rational understanding and comes from the embrace of the love of God '
Cessationism ' The gifts of the Holy Spirit are still correctly practiced today
Chiliasm The thousand year-long reign of Jesus predicted in the Book of Revelation is a literally accurate prophecy '
Christus Victor The fall of Adam and Eve sent humanity to Satan's clutches, requiring a ransom to redeem them, for which Satan was tricked into accepting Jesus, not knowing that death could not bind him; this freed the souls of mankind and enabled salvation '
Complementarianism Men and women have differing roles in Christianity '
Conditional election The people selected by God for salvation are chosen because they exercise their free will to adhere to the Christian faith '
Conditional immortality People who have attained salvation through Christian faith are given immortality '
Conditional preservation of the saints It is possible for a person who has truly achieved salvation to lose it through a lack of Christian faith '
Conditional security It is possible for a person who has truly achieved salvation to lose it through a lack of Christian faith '
Conditionalism People who have attained salvation through Christian faith are given immortality '
Consubstantiation In the Eucharist, bread and wine exists alongside the body and blood of Jesus '
Continuationism The gifts of the Holy Spirit are still correctly practiced today '
Creationism The Christian God created the universe less than 10,000 years ago '
Dispensationalism The Christian God relates to humanity through a series of Biblical covenants '
Docetism ' Jesus of Nazareth had a real human body
Donatism Christian sacraments are ineffective if the presiding minister is sinful '
Dynamic monarchianism Jesus of Nazareth was born an ordinary human and was eventally adopted by God the Father '
Dyotheletism Jesus of Nazareth had both a divine and human nature but only one will '
Dyothelitism Jesus of Nazareth had both a divine and human nature but only one will '
Ecumenism Christians should all belong to the same church '
Efficacious grace ' Humans can resist grace given by God
Christian egalitarianism All people are equal in Christianity '
Entire sanctification Christians can undergo sanctification that results in the cleansing of their inner sinful nature '
Eternal security Christian salvation is permanent
It is possible for a person who has truly achieved salvation to lose it through a lack of Christian faith
'
Evangelism Christians should endeavor to convince others of their faith '
Five Points of Calvinism Christian salvation is permanent
People are enslaved to sin and cannot be saved from it by their own will
The people selected by God for salvation are chosen without regard to any quality on their part
The sacrifice of Jesus of Nazareth is a substitute for the sins of people who are predestined to achieve salvation
Humans can resist grace given by God
'
Five solas The Bible is the only infallible source of knowledge about Christian doctrine
Christian faith alone is sufficient to achieve salvation
Christian salvation comes only through the will of God
Christians should be motivated solely by God's glory
Salvation is possible only through Jesus, who is the sole mediator between God and humanity
'
Free grace ' It is possible for a person who has truly achieved salvation to lose it through a lack of Christian faith
Futurism The predictions described in the Book of Revelation, the Book of Daniel, and the Gospels of Mark and Matthew are symbolic '
Full preterism The predictions described in the Book of Revelation, the Book of Daniel, and the Gospels of Mark and Matthew happened in the first century CE '
Governmental theory The sacrifice of Jesus of Nazareth is a substitute for the sins of all people despite his suffering being disproportionate '
Henophysitism Jesus of Nazareth had one unified nature consisting of separate but united human and divine aspects '
Heteroousianism Jesus the Son and God the Father are substantially different '
Hispanicus error Jesus of Nazareth was born an ordinary human and was eventally adopted by God the Father '
Homoiousianism Jesus the Son and God the Father are alike but inequal in substance '
Homoousianism Jesus the Son and God the Father are equal in substance '
Hyper-dispensationalism The early Christian church lost four truths near the end of Paul's ministry Christians should practice water baptism
Hypnopsychism When people die, their souls are unconscious and dormant until being resurrected on the day of judgment predicted in the Bible '
Hypothetical universalism Though all people are eligible for salvation, God must choose those to whom he will bring faith because no one would accept salvation otherwise '
Christian idealism The predictions described in the Book of Revelation, the Book of Daniel, and the Gospels of Mark and Matthew are symbolic '
Immaculate Conception Mary, mother of Jesus, was born without original sin '
Biblical inerrancy The Bible is inerrant '
Infralapsarianism God foresaw but did not cause the fall of Adam and Eve '
Irresistible grace ' Humans can resist grace given by God
Kenosis Christ shed certain divine attributes during his time on Earth as Jesus '
Limited atonement The sacrifice of Jesus of Nazareth is a substitute for the sins of people who are predestined to achieve salvation '
Christian materialism When people die, their souls are unconscious and dormant until being resurrected on the day of judgment predicted in the Bible '
Metousiosis In the Eucharist, bread and wine changes into the body and blood of Jesus '
Miaphysitism Jesus of Nazareth had one unified nature consisting of separate but united human and divine aspects '
Midtribulationism The Rapture will occur halfway through the Great Tribulation '
Millenarianism The thousand year-long reign of Jesus predicted in the Book of Revelation is a literally accurate prophecy '
Millerism Jesus will return on October 22, 1844 '
Modalism The Christian God consists of one entity that appears in three different modes '
Moderate Calvinism Though all people are eligible for salvation, God must choose those to whom he will bring faith because no one would accept salvation otherwise '
Molinism The existence of an omniscient deity confutes the idea that humans have free will '
Monarchianism The Christian God consists of one entity '
Monergism Salvation is given instaneously by God without cooperation from the saved '
Monophysitism Jesus of Nazareth had one indivisible nature '
Monotheletism Jesus of Nazareth had both a divine and human nature but only one will '
Monothelitism Jesus of Nazareth had both a divine and human nature but only one will '
Moral influence theory The sacrifice of Jesus allows people to achieve salvation because of the inspiring moral influence that his life, death and resurrection had on humanity '
Christian mortalism When people die, their souls are unconscious and dormant until being resurrected on the day of judgment predicted in the Bible '
Nestorianism Jesus of Nazareth had distinct and separate human and divine natures '
New Covenant theology The laws of the Old Testament have been replaced by the New Testament and are no longer binding '
Nunc-millennialism The thousand year-long reign of Jesus predicted in the Book of Revelation has already begun '
Once saved, always saved It is possible for a person who has truly achieved salvation to lose it through a lack of Christian faith '
Open communion ' The Eucharist should be closed to nonbelievers
Original sin People possess a state of sin that originates from the fall of Adam and Eve '
Orthodox preterism The predictions described in the Book of Revelation, the Book of Daniel, and the Gospels of Mark and Matthew mostly came true in the first century CE; however, the second coming of Jesus and the resurrection of the dead have not happened yet '
Partial preterism The predictions described in the Book of Revelation, the Book of Daniel, and the Gospels of Mark and Matthew mostly came true in the first century CE; however, the second coming of Jesus and the resurrection of the dead have not happened yet '
Particular judgment People are judged by the Christian God immediately after they die '
Patripassionism It was God the Father who suffered on Earth as Jesus, and not the Son '
Pelagianism People have the capacity to achieve salvation through their own will People possess a state of sin that originates from the fall of Adam and Eve
Penal substitution The sacrifice of Jesus allowed people to achieve salvation because he took the punishment that would otherwise be due to him '
Christian perfection Christians can undergo sanctification that results in the cleansing of their inner sinful nature '
Perseverance of the saints Christian salvation is permanent
It is possible for a person who has truly achieved salvation to lose it through a lack of Christian faith
'
Postlapsarianism God foresaw but did not cause the fall of Adam and Eve '
Postmillennialism Jesus will return to Earth at the end of the thousand-year long period predicted in the Book of Revelation '
Postredemptionism Though all people are eligible for salvation, God must choose those to whom he will bring faith because no one would accept salvation otherwise '
Posttribulationism The Rapture will occur at the end of the Great Tribulation '
Predestination The Christian God has predestined all events '
Premillennialism Jesus will come to Earth again and then begin the thousand-year long reign predicted in the Book of Revelation '
Pretribulationism The Rapture will occur before the Great Tribulation begins '
Pre-existence of Christ Christ existed before Jesus of Nazareth '
Preterism The predictions described in the Book of Revelation, the Book of Daniel, and the Gospels of Mark and Matthew happened in the first century CE '
Christian primitivism Christians should return to the ways of the early church '
Priscillianism The spiritual world consists of two realms, one good and light and the other dark and evil, which are combined in mankind '
Propitiatory theory All people can achieve salvation because of the martyrdom of Jesus, which satisfied the requisite punishment that would otherwise prevent salvation '
Psilanthropism Jesus of Nazareth was an ordinary human '
Psychopannychism When people die, their souls are unconscious and dormant until being resurrected on the day of judgment predicted in the Bible '
Rexism Societies should implement fascism Societies should implement democracy
Quatenus Christians should follow the Book of Concord because it comports with the Bible '
Quia Christians should follow the Book of Concord because it comports with the Bible '
Quietism People can achieve perfection through self-annihilating and absorbing their souls into the Christian God, through a process of passivity and inner contemplation '
Ransom theory The fall of Adam and Eve sent humanity to Satan's clutches, requiring a ransom to redeem them, for which Satan was tricked into accepting Jesus, not knowing that death could not bind him; this freed the souls of mankind and enabled salvation '
Realized millennialism The thousand year-long reign of Jesus predicted in the Book of Revelation has already begun '
Recapitulation theory Jesus recapitulated Adam's circumstances but did not betray God's trust, thereby overturning the stain of Adam's mistake and allowing people to achieve salvation '
Reconstructionism The Christian God relates to humanity through a series of Biblical covenants
Jesus will return to Earth at the end of the thousand-year long period predicted in the Book of Revelation
Societies should be governed based on Christian ideas
Societies should implement Biblical law
'
Sabbatarianism Christians should observe the Sabbath as described in the Old Testament '
Sabellianism The Christian God consists of one entity that appears in three different modes '
Satisfaction theory All people can achieve salvation because of the martyrdom of Jesus, which satisfied the requisite punishment that would otherwise prevent salvation '
School of Saumur Though all people are eligible for salvation, God must choose those to whom he will bring faith because no one would accept salvation otherwise '
Semi-Arianism Jesus the Son and God the Father are alike but inequal in substance '
Semi-Pelagianism People have the capacity to enter the Christian faith but require the grace of God to achieve salvation '
Sola fide Christian faith alone is sufficient to achieve salvation '
Sola gratia Christian salvation comes only through the will of God '
Sola scriptura The Bible is the only infallible source of knowledge about Christian doctrine '
Soli Deo gloria Christians should be motivated solely by God's glory '
Solus Christus Salvation is possible only through Jesus, who is the sole mediator between God and humanity '
Soul sleep When people die, their souls are unconscious and dormant until being resurrected on the day of judgment predicted in the Bible '
Subordinationism The Son and the Holy Spirit are subordinate to the Father '
Supralapsarianism God planned the fall of Adam and Eve '
Synergism People must work with the Christian God to achieve salvation '
Thnetopsychism When people die, their souls and bodies both remain dead until the day of judgment described in the Bible '
Theonomy Societies should be governed based on Christian ideas
Societies should implement Biblical law
'
Transubstantiation In the Eucharist, bread and wine changes into the body and blood of Jesus '
Transignification In the Eucharist, bread and wine incorporates the significance of the body and blood of Jesus without physical change '
Trinitarianism God consists of three divine persons: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit '
Total corruption People are enslaved to sin and cannot be saved from it by their own will '
Total depravity People are enslaved to sin and cannot be saved from it by their own will '
Tritheism The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are three separate entities '
Ultra-dispensationalism The early Christian church lost four truths near the end of Paul's ministry Christians should practice water baptism
Unconditional election The people selected by God for salvation are chosen without regard to any quality on their part '
Unitarianism The Christian God consists of one entity '
Universal atonement All people are able to achieve salvation because of the sacrifice of Jesus
All people will eventually attain Christian salvation
'
Universal reconciliation All people will eventually attain Christian salvation '
Universal salvation All people will eventually attain Christian salvation '
Universalism All people will eventually attain Christian salvation '
Unlimited atonement All people are able to achieve salvation because of the sacrifice of Jesus '
Verbal dictation The Bible is the word of God, and the only role humans played in its authorship was mechanical '
Virgin Birth Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus '
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